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Improving the quality of life in adults with dementia

Dementia Caregiving

Engaging adults with dementia in physical, mental and emotionally stimulating activities can help their brain function and improve their quality of life.

Dementia is an umbrella term to describe a decline in mental ability that is severe enough to interfere with daily life. It is not a specific disease but refers to a list of different symptoms, one of those being brain and memory function.

When an individual is diagnosed with dementia, they are being diagnosed with a set of symptoms, without knowing what is specifically causing them.

Dementia affects three areas of the brain: language, memory, and decision-making. Individuals with dementia can experience changes in their behavior and personality.

There are ten different types of dementia:

  1. Alzheimer’s disease
  2. Vascular dementia
  3. Dementia with Lewy bodies
  4. Parkinson’s disease
  5. Frontotemporal dementia
  6. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
  7. Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
  8. Mixed dementia
  9. Normal pressure hydrocephalus
  10. Huntington’s disease

Dementia is often described in stages, meaning how far a person’s dementia has progressed. There are seven stages total (, ranging from “No Cognitive Decline” (Stage 1), which means an individual has no memory loss and is mentally healthy to “Very Severe Cognitive Decline” (Stage 7), where the individual has no ability to speak or communicate and they require assistance with almost all daily activities.

Depending on which stage an adult is in, individuals with dementia may have greater difficulty with brain and memory functions as well as physical challenges, limiting the types of activities they can participate in.

Engaging adults with dementia in physical, mental and emotional activities that stimulate their mind and body can help improve their overall quality of life. It can also lessen their anxiety, stir up memories for them, encourage self-expression and make them feel more engaged with life.

Engaging adults with dementia in physical, mental and emotional activities that stimulate their mind and body can help improve their overall quality of life.

Caregivers can choose appropriate activities based on the individual’s age and stage of dementia. Listed below are physical, mental and emotionally stimulating activities that may be appropriate to do with an adult with dementia.

  • Cook or bake simple recipes together. Let them decorate cookies or cakes with you.
  • Go for a walk around the neighborhood or mall.
  • Visit and walk around community events such as health fairs, parades, or farmer’s markets.
  • Clean around the house with them. Sweep the patio, wipe the table, fold towels or try other household tasks that help the person feel a sense of accomplishment.
  • Enjoy some light gardening such as planting flowers or sitting outside somewhere peaceful.

  • Work on puzzles together.
  • Read the newspaper.
  • Watch classic movies with them.
  • Sing songs or play music. Select music that is familiar to them.
  • Organize household or office items, particularly if the person used to take pleasure in organizational tasks.
  • Do arts and crafts, such as painting or knitting. Keep the tools and patterns simple.

  • Create a scrapbook with various photos.
  • Look at books the person used to enjoy together.
  • Look at photo albums of past memories.
  • Watch family videos.
  • Have them tell you stories from their past and write these down.

Home Care Tip:

Using different tools to help organize important caregiving information can help empower you as a caregiver to provide the most efficient care for your senior.

Ted Wolfendale

Administrator at Dial-a-Nurse
Mr. Wolfendale is a graduate of Stetson University, and Stetson University School of Law, and was admitted to the Florida Bar in 1988. He is admitted to practice in the Middle district of Florida, is an active member of the Florida Health Law section, and Lee County Bar Association.

In 1995 he became Administrator of Dial-a-Nurse nursing agency, the oldest nursing agency in the Southwest Florida succeeding his mother who started the company 37 years ago. He is also President of Nevco, Inc., an educational healthcare training company begun in 1988.

Mr. Wolfendale has worked with the U.S. Department of Commerce on various Missions to improve the quality of life around the world by development of supportive healthcare programs. In 2005 he traveled with U.S. officials and addressed the Italian National Government assisting in the creation of Nurse Education mandates for that Country. In 2006 he was invited and spoke with the National Institutes of Continuing Education in Eastern Europe on healthcare education and developmental mandates, and most recently represented the United States at the European Union in Lake Balaton, Hungary in 2011. In 2014 he traveled with the U.S. Department of State to Singapore, Malaysia and Vietnam in an effort to improve caregiver knowledge and training.

Mr. Wolfendale has worked with a number of non-profits in contributing and creating curriculum to improve the quality of life in third-world countries since 2001, and notably created a successful program in Odessa, India that has been modeled in other areas of the world. In his backyard, he has worked with local Goodwill Industries to provide curriculum and training to underserved individuals who have obtained employment as a result of educational training. He was the Congressional appointment to the Governor's purple ribbon task force in 2013, and has worked to educate caregivers in all aspects of Alzheimer's training.
Ted Wolfendale

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