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First Aid 101

Knowing some basic first aid tips and techniques can equip you to react in an emergency situation and help loved ones.

First Aid 101: What You Need to Know

What is First Aid?

First Aid is helping someone who is suffering from a sudden illness or injury. It can be a complete treatment such as applying ointment and bandages to a cut, or helping the individual with a more serious injury before they can get medical attention.

First Aid Tips: Proper first aid techniques can prevent a situation from escalating until a first responder arrives

  • Be prepared: Have and know where the first aid kits are in your home, car and work.
  • If an injury is serious, have someone call 911 while you help care for the victim.
  • Learn the signs and symptoms of various illnesses including strokes and heart attacks.

Get First Aid Certified Today

The National Safety Council offers online training (source) and a list of local classes (source).

First Aid Basics


  • Stop the bleeding as quickly as possible by applying direct pressure to the wound with a clean cloth
  • Use a tourniquet if blood loss seems to life threatening. A belt or bandana can be used to pinch off the flow of blood.
  • If the wound is very large, have the person lie down and elevate the part of the body that is bleeding.

Having a Heart Attack

Call 911

Give the person an aspirin to help with potential heart damage.

Perform CPR if the person stops breathing


  • If the burn is mild, treat it by running it under cool water for 10 minutes. Then cover loosely with gauze.
  • Never apply ice or ointment to the area.
  • Call 911 if the burn is third-degree burns.


  • A person who is choking cannot speak and will often clutch their hands to their throats.
  • Try to make them cough by hitting your fist between their shoulder blades.
  • Perform the Heimlich maneuver on them.

First Aid Kit Checklist

Every home and workplace should have a First Aid Kit that is a well know location, accessible to everyone.

Anatomy of A First Aid Kit—What To Include In Yours (source)

  • Absorbent compress dressings
  • Various sized bandages
  • Adhesive cloth tape
  • Antibiotic ointment
  • Antiseptic wipes
  • Aspirin
  • Breathing barrier (with one-way valve)
  • Instant cold compress
  • Non-latex gloves
  • Hydrocortisone ointment
  • Scissors
  • Roller bandages
  • Sterile gauze pads
  • Oral thermometer
  • Tweezers
  • First aid instruction booklet

Check and Update Your Kit

  • Check and replace flashlight batteries frequently
  • Update emergency phone numbers
  • Check the kit for refills regularly
  • Check expiration dates on medications

Knowing proper first aid can help prevent bigger injuries and can help comfort an injured victim. Get certified today so you are prepared to help loved ones in a time of need.

Ted Wolfendale

Administrator at Dial-a-Nurse
Mr. Wolfendale is a graduate of Stetson University, and Stetson University School of Law, and was admitted to the Florida Bar in 1988. He is admitted to practice in the Middle district of Florida, is an active member of the Florida Health Law section, and Lee County Bar Association.

In 1995 he became Administrator of Dial-a-Nurse nursing agency, the oldest nursing agency in the Southwest Florida succeeding his mother who started the company 37 years ago. He is also President of Nevco, Inc., an educational healthcare training company begun in 1988.

Mr. Wolfendale has worked with the U.S. Department of Commerce on various Missions to improve the quality of life around the world by development of supportive healthcare programs. In 2005 he traveled with U.S. officials and addressed the Italian National Government assisting in the creation of Nurse Education mandates for that Country. In 2006 he was invited and spoke with the National Institutes of Continuing Education in Eastern Europe on healthcare education and developmental mandates, and most recently represented the United States at the European Union in Lake Balaton, Hungary in 2011. In 2014 he traveled with the U.S. Department of State to Singapore, Malaysia and Vietnam in an effort to improve caregiver knowledge and training.

Mr. Wolfendale has worked with a number of non-profits in contributing and creating curriculum to improve the quality of life in third-world countries since 2001, and notably created a successful program in Odessa, India that has been modeled in other areas of the world. In his backyard, he has worked with local Goodwill Industries to provide curriculum and training to underserved individuals who have obtained employment as a result of educational training. He was the Congressional appointment to the Governor's purple ribbon task force in 2013, and has worked to educate caregivers in all aspects of Alzheimer's training.
Ted Wolfendale

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